Being a homeowner is great because of the added freedom you have, but it does involve dealing with AC problems from time to time. Here are three you'll probably run into at some point and ways to deal with them effectively.
Dirty Air Filter
The air filter is the component that collects dirt and debris, preventing them from entering your cooling system. It will get really dirty eventually, and when it does, you need to respond by finding a suitable replacement. This is the only way you can keep your AC unit working efficiently throughout the months and avoiding airflow issues.
As long as you take time finding a suitable air filter that is the correct size, this replacement won't be difficult to purchase. Also don't cheapen out on the filter you buy. You want your AC unit working as efficiently as possible, after all.
Dirty Outside Unit
The unit outside will also get dirty from time to time, just like the air filter. It's important that you don't let it continue to remain in this condition, because if you do, the AC unit will not last as long as it should. Fortunately, cleaning this outside unit isn't that difficult.
You'll just need to use an air compressor to remove dirt and debris off the unit. Also be sure to open the unit up and remove any dirt and leaves that have collected inside. As long as you get in the habit of cleaning this outside unit regularly, it can work great for a long time.
If your AC system is a little older, then there may be structural compromises around the coolant lines. This can drain your refrigerant and then lead to poor cooling performance. If this problem has reared its ugly head, then you'll need to hire an AC repair contractor.
They will need to perform a leak detection test, where they send dye through the system and then use UV light to detect what areas it's coming through. Once these areas are spotted, the contractor can patch them over so that coolant doesn't leak out anymore.
AC units are not designed to work great forever, much like every home appliance. You will run into issues that need to be addressed right away. As long as you follow the right protocol and seek professional help when it's warranted, then you can save yourself a lot of stress.